Thursday, February 6, 2020
Findings and analysis - Essay Example Three articles written by each of these writers were compiled. ShadidÃ¢â¬â¢s works include A Boy Who Was Like a Flower (2004), SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s Sons of No One (2011), and, House of Stone (2012). GaskellÃ¢â¬â¢s work include Bombs put Kirkuk in line as next hotbed (2007), As Holidays Come and Go, War Barely Takes a Break (2009), and Army Reports Grim Milestone in Troop Suicides (2012). On the surface, there are glaring differences in terms of the content of the reportage. One of the most important of these is that ShadidÃ¢â¬â¢s subjects focused on individuals whereas GaskellÃ¢â¬â¢s reports were more on the bigger picture. Shadid took the inductive approach to writing, using specific personalities and situations in order to report about the bigger picture of war. The implication of this is significant. First, there is the fact that the reporter was able to infiltrate the battlefront by chronicling the experiences of the victims who are caught in the crossfire of the battles. Gaske ll on the other hand focused on the movements of the war from the armyÃ¢â¬â¢s or the strategistsÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives, hovering from above, exploring general terms such as army reports, army experiences and so forth. This difference implies several important things. First, there is the possibility that male correspondents report closer to the battle lines whereas female correspondents seem to be content watching from afar. This point is supported by the series of news feeds by renowned female war correspondent, Raghida Dergham, writing her pieces in a blog for The Huffington Post back in 2007 as she covered Iraq. The subjects of her articles were general themes such as the impact of the presidential election Lebanon, diplomatic tussles between major players in the Iraq War such as those involving Russia and the United States, Iran and Syria and so forth. There were interviews to individual participants but these were mostly prominent personalities, who stay away from the battlefie ld - Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Malaki, etc. It is clear that male reporters are at an advantage or are more capable in covering the war as it happens. They are more likely to be found at the thick of things, say when gunfight erupts or the first to arrive and cover the casualties and damage of war. This is not to say that female reporters are less reliable. They are more likely to get information from decision makers and, hence, more effective in reporting diplomatic subjects, policy decisions and strategic issues. This aspect is supported by the analysis of the responses to this studyÃ¢â¬â¢s interview questions by male and female war correspondents in the next case comparison. Male war correspondents are also more likely to report about fighting in detail as well as an emphasis on male subjects as what happened in the three articles by Shadid. On the other hand, female reporters to tend to focus on themes about women, children and family. The re could be a preferential bias to each of the subjects mentioned according to the gender differences of the reporters. While this study is not equipped to quantify this point, they are aggravated by two important variables. The first is the issue previously mentioned: women are constrained to report from the battlefield and, similarly, women are less likely to be foun
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Gambino cleaning products salesman Essay Description of the proposed system Description of the problem A new system of calculating and reporting on cleaning products salesmen is to be designed and implemented. Cleaning products salesmen commission is based on a set of data which is the monthly sales of cleaning products sold by the salesmen. Objectives The new system must: Ã Be automated as far as possible, needing no thorough knowledge of spreadsheets, databases or any other software in order to operate it. Ã Have fitted controls to ensure precision and completeness of data input. Ã Take into account commission payments from monthly sales. Print commission reports for each of the salesmen, and a summary report showing total paid to each salesman and overall total. Include an option to delete commission records previous to a given date so that the file does not increase for an indefinite period. The proposed new system can be shown in a level 0 data flow diagram as follows: A level 1 Data Flow Diagram of the proposed system is as follows: User functions 1. The Commissioning Salesman in the Sales Department will be responsible for entering all details of new cleaning products salesman and new products. 2. An Accounts clerk will have special responsibility for the commission system. 3. The Accounts clerk will enter each month the sales of each product, giving quantity sold and gross sales value (i. e. quantity X cover price). 4. Every 6 months, the Accounts clerk will produce the Commission reports for each cleaning products salesman. This will show the commission that has been earned in the previous 6 months. A payment is then recorded and a cheque issued to each cleaning products salesman to whom commission is due, together with the Commission statement showing sales details, and the statement from the Accounts system the total amount due. Database specification Menu structure The many functions of the Commission System will be accessed by means of a front-end menu, which will have the following structure. The data model There are three main entities in this system related in the entity relationship diagram shown below. Because a many-to-many relationship cannot be applied in a relational database, an additional entity named Salesman/Product is introduced. The ERD can now be drawn as follows: The database for Gambino cleaning products salesman system specification will have the following tables: tblSalesman (SalesmanID, Surname, FirstName). Foreign key in tblSalesman/Product ProductName Text (40) Product title tblProduct SalesTeam Text (40) All salesman who sell a product tblProduct Price Currency Product price tblProduct StandardCommission Number Percentage commission on each product sold 1-10 tblSalesman/Products BonusCommission Number Bonus percentage commission on each products sold 11-20 tblSalesman/Products SalesNumber Number 1=Standard commission 2=Bonus Commission 1 or 2 tblSales QuantitySold Number Number of products sold tblSales GrossValue Currency Data Dictionary Input Specification Three input forms will be required. frmProducts. This will be used to enter product details. frmSalesman This will be used to enter details of a salesman and all products on which they receive commission. The commission percentages for each product will be entered in a subform of the main form. Validation methods: The Product ID will be selected from a drop-down list of existing Product IDs. Once a Product ID is entered, the product name will be automatically displayed. frmTransaction This form will be used to enter transactions. Validation methods: Only valid dates will be accepted. The Product ID will be selected from a drop down list of existing Product IDs. Once a Product ID is entered, the product name will be automatically displayed. Selecting a radio button so that only a valid alternative can be selected will choose the transaction type. Process Specification Commission Calculations To calculate the commission for a given transaction, a query has to be performed to combine attributes from tblTransaction, tblProduct, tblProduct/Salesman and tblSalesman. The calculation of the commission is performed as follows: If TransactionType = 1 (i. e sales) ThenRate = StandardCommissionRate ElseRate = BonusCommissionRate endif Amount = Rate * GrossValue. These processes will be carried out in qryCommission. This query will be the source of both the commission report and the summary report. Maintenance Each year, transactions prior to a given date will be removed from tblTransactions. This prevents the transaction file from becoming too large and slowing down the system. The maintenance will be carried out as follows: Run a Delete query to delete records from tblTransaction. Test Plan Tests will be carried out using valid and invalid data and data at the extremes of acceptable values. The following test data will be used. tblSalesman Salesman ID Surname Firstname STEVED Stevens David. Test urpose Expected result 1 Select enter data from main menu, then select Products. To check if the menu options work and that a Products form opens at a new record. Products form opens at a new record. 2 Enter data from test data set. Try entering an invalid date i. e. 3/9/2001 To check the menu options work and that the Salesman form opens at a new record. Salesman form opens at a new record. 3 Select Enter Data from Main menu and then select Salesman. To check if the menu options work and that the Salesman form opens at a new record. Salesman form opens at a new record. 4 Enter data from test data set. To check if valid data is accepted. All valid data accepted. 5 Try entering product ID of BB113. Test that no product can be entered unless it exists on product table. Record rejected. 6 Select Enter Data from Main menu and select Sales To check the menu options work and that the sales form opens at a new record. Sales form opens at a new record. 7 Attempt to enter a new sale with date 3/9/2001 To test if date is validated. Error message will appear on leaving field. 8 Select reports from Main menu then select Product details. Test to see if the Product details display all products entered. All products appear on the report. 9 Select report from the Main menu then select Commission report. Check to see if Commission report details are correct. User is asked to enter start and end dates for report. All commission is calculated correctly. 10 Select Reports from Main menu the select Summary report. Check that Summary report is correct. User is asked to enter start and end dates for report. All totals are calculated correctly. 11 Add 2 transactions for dates in 1999. then select Maintenance from Main menu and identify deletion of records prior to 31/12/1999 Check that Maintenance option deletes records prior to date user enters. The two records are deleted from table. 12 Add a transaction for 31/12/1999. then select Maintenance from Main menu and identify deletion of records prior to 31/12/1999. Check that maintenance option deletes records for date user enters. The record is deleted from table. 13 Select Exit from Main menu To check if the main menu option works correctly. Database closes. Development Plan The planned schedule for development is given below. Week beggining Task Comments 29/01/2004 Detailed design spec 29/01/2004 Tables created 01/02/2004 Input forms created 15/02/2004 Queries and reports created Reports on products and salesman 21/02/2004 Standard commission report created 27/02/2004 Procedures for clearing file developed Clearing records prior to given date 29/02/2004 Testing and modifications 03/03/2004 Testing and modifications 06/03/2004 Documentation 08/03/2004 Installation and entry of master file data. A period of parallel running will follow with reports produced from old and new systems. Conclusion The system will be implemented by Microsoft Access 2000. It will run on any existing PC. The database will be accessible from any of the Departments which are responsible for keeping the data up to date. These departments include Accounts and Sales departments. The system is expected to be tested and installed by the end of April 2004. Sunit Dhadra 12K AVCE ICT AVCE ICT Unit 1 Sunit Dhadra 12K AVCE ICT.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Human Genome Project Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Scientists are taking medical technology to new heights as they race to map all of the genes in our body. There are about 100,000, in the 23 chromosomes of the human body. In doing this they hope that they can understand the basis of the genes and maybe even develop methods of treating certain genetic diseases, such as AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s and Muscular Dystrophy. The scientists identify the DNA sequence of someone with the disease and then compare it to a person without the disease. By doing this they can recognize which gene is abnormal and causes the disease. This entire process is called the Ã¢â¬Å"Human Genome ProjectÃ¢â¬ and is being done in more than 200 laboratories, with more and more labs joining each year. Most of these labs are located in France and the United States. The project started in 1990 and was predicted to take 15 years and cost $3 billion. It costs the United States about $200 million per year. The $200 million per year has only covered abou t 60% of the annual need. This has created some funding problems for the project. On the brighter side the project has made huge steps in gene mapping and continues to improve every year. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Researchers have successfully located the gene and the DNA sequence that causes HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease. It is located on Chromosome 4. Scientists have created a genetic test, which can determine whether someone carries these genes or DNA pattern. Every child of someone with HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease has a 50% chance of inheriting the gene, which then inevitably leads to the disease. Because of the high amounts of money it costs for treatment of this disease insurance companies see this test as an opportunity to screen potential clients for the probability of such diseases. This would allow them to deny certain people insurance if they are at high risk. This puts the people being screen in a position where they might not be able to receive treatment for their illnesses because they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to get insurance. This is morally wrong and also violates the patients right to privacy. This information must be safeguarded from insurance companies so they will not be able to discriminate against someone with Ã¢â¬Å"bad genesÃ¢â¬ . These actions also bring up several ethical questions. Ã¢â¬Å"Does genetic testing constitute an invasion of privacy, and would it cause discrimination against those born with genetic deficiencies?
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Assess the efficiencies in Municipality budget plan to achieve organizational objectives. Background of the study Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the recent past, UA E has received continued development and prosperity. Municipality is a government sector responsible for infrastructural development across the city. Western region Municipality has several departments that have common objectives of fulfilling the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s work process. The accounting department plays a key role in development. Municipality is therefore dependent on the accounting sectors as well as other sectors in meeting its objectives. The UAE department of finance and the Municipality must collaborate in achieving the objectives. The UAE finance department has to avail funds to the Municipality. Funds management is a crucial factor in an organization. The accounts department should plan effectively and forecast the expected expenditures. The research aim is to assess the effectiveness in Municipality budget plan to achieve organizational objectives. Municipality ensures development within towns. Development would entail; construction of roads, bridges and drainage systems just to mention a few. Construction of a bridge in the Western region Municipality was halted. The construction was halted due to the budget constraints Municipality was experiencing. This necessitates a research to find out the constraints and give recommendations to the budget planners. A comprehensive budget will ensure; organizational goals and objectives are attained. Municipality will be in a point of completing projects timely, without budget challenges. The research will also help scholars aware of factors considered when coming up with an effective budget plan. The research will be guided by the financial theory and the budget concept. The financial theory entails the cash flows and budgeting. Budgeting involves the computation of budget statements. Budget statements contain numerical figure that help the business plan ahead. The organization performance is checked against the budgeted figures. The budget concept will be use to help in forecasting future operations that will help in attainment of objectives. The budget concept will be guided by the results obtained from the financial theory. With proper budgeting, UAE department of finance will acquire the forecasted budget from the municipality and accomplish its goals. According to the industry expert, there are three challenges facing the accounting industry; unqualified accountants in the accounting industry, online accounting technology and firm consolidation. Unqualified accountants misguide organizations. Online technologies pose a great threat to the accountancy field. Business owners may now likely question why they need to solicit the services of an accountant when they can do a large number of functions for themselves (Economia.icaew.com, 2014). According to Mitten another challenge of the accounting industry is consolidation of firms. The study will be conducted with an aim of evaluating the effectiveness of the municipality budget plan in a bid to come up with ways of attaining the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives. From the discussions with the industry expert, the municipality should; Carryout interviews when enrolling accountants seek financial advices from competent accountants on the budget plan computation, give all their departments specific roles. For instance the accounting department should only deals with accounting. Research plan Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Quantitative research approach will be used where data will be obtained from various accounting departments in the municipality. A survey questionnaire will be issued across the accounting departments in the regions of the municipality. The results obtained from the research will be analyzed and presented in graphs. To come up with comprehensive findings in a research a researcher should; identify the problem, identify the objectives, review literature, design a research methodology, collect data, analyze data, discuss the data, deduce recommendation, give a conclusion then give a final report. The researcher should then present the information. Research timetable Task Name Duration Start Finish Development of the proposal 6 days Tue 2/17/15 Tue 2/24/15 Literature review 7 days Sun 3/1/15 Mon 3/9/15 Data Collection and analysis 5 days Sat 3/14/15 Thu 3/19/15 Discussions, Recommendations and Conclusions 6 days Sun 3/29/15 Fri 4/3/15 Final Report 10 days Sun 4/12/15 Thu /4/23/15 Presentation 2 days Tue 5/19/15 Wed 5/20/15 References Economia.icaew.com,. (2014).Ã Top three challenges facing accountants today | Economia. Retrieved 24 February 2015, from http://economia.icaew.com/opinion/october-2014/top-three-challenges-facing-accountants-today Source document
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Kelsie Rumsey Brian Wolf Sociology 260: Crime and Deviance May 7, 2017 Double Jeopardy The criminal justice system isnÃ¢â¬â¢t perfect, much like any largescale system it has its flaws. Sadly, some of the criminal justice system flaws are bigger than others and the smaller ones donÃ¢â¬â¢t get any attention from the public and go unresolved. That is not to say that all the problems with the criminal justice system shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be dealt with, but some of the problems arenÃ¢â¬â¢t even being considered. A problem that has rocked the boat on a public scale, but has never really been questioned would be the flawed double jeopardy law. The law that protects people from double jeopardy is a difficult one to undo because it is sealed in the U.S. Constitution. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the book it is written, Ã¢â¬Å"Now picture thisÃ¢â¬âand keep in mind, this is hypotheticalÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Simpson). O.J. then goes on about that night claiming he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t remember the actual attack itself. He was quoted, Ã¢â¬Å"Now I was standing in Nicole s courtyard , in the dark, listening to the loud, rhythmic, accelerated beating of my own heart. I put my left hand to my heart and my shirt felt strangely wet. I looked down at myself. For several moments, I couldn t get my mind around what I was seeing. The whole front of me was covered in blood, but it didn t computeÃ¢â¬ (Simpson). There you have it, a hypothetical confession from a man that had committed two horrible murders but wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay for the crime because of a flawed law. It is summed up by Vermont General Attorney, William Sorrell, Ã¢â¬Å"You only get one bite of the appleÃ¢â¬ (Findlaw, Ã¢â¬Å"Suspect confesses to murder after acquittal.Ã¢â¬ ). There will be no justice for Nicole and Ron Goldman because the court canÃ¢â¬â¢t charge O.J. again because he was found to be not guilty the first time. The O.J. Simpson case is just a little bit of proof that the amendment needs to be changed. The confession of a criminal should be enough to send them to prison regardless i f they have been tried and found not guilty. A solution to this flawed law would be changing the law to have this exception. The process isnÃ¢â¬â¢t as easy as just snapping the fingers and the amendment is changed.Show MoreRelatedCrime Is a Social Construct1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCrime is a social construct Discuss. This composition will look at crime and its different criminological interpretations. Crime is an umbrella word which covers a diverse range of issues and is dependant upon the theoretical stand point of the writer. Although the wordings of the explanations differ, the implications are consistent (Newburn, 2007. Doherty, 2005). Mclaughlin et al (2006) seems the most relevant for the purpose. They separate crime into three key constituent parts. These are harmRead MoreMarx and DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance? 899 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesUnderstanding of Crime and Deviance? Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s Marxist theory and Emile DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s functionalist theory were both significant in their own ways and therefore made a large contribution to our perception and understanding of how crime and deviance occurs and is dealt with in society. The Marxist theory on crime was focused on the concept that the huge shift towards a capitalist society was the root cause and driving force behind the formation of social divisions and subsequent increase in crime and conflictRead MoreCriminology And The Social Theory Essay1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmean the study of criminology is micro in nature because behaviour can be analysed in depth form different angles of approach. According to Sellin, criminology can include the realms of politics (such as left and right realist approaches to criminal behaviour and prevention strategies), psychology (such as biological and social theories for the onset of criminal activity), law (such as drug laws and government strategies to overcome street crimes) and sociology (such as the deviance amplification model)Read MoreEvaluate the usefulness of Marxist theory to our understanding of crime and deviance1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEvaluate the usefulness of Marxist theory to our understanding of cr ime and deviance (40 marks) Synopticity - Crime Deviance sociological theory Marxist explanations of crime and deviance, like their work on other areas like the family and education, rest on an economic and structural analysis of society that sees a class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. This struggle comprises the attempts by the proletariat to free themselves from the domination of the bourgeoisieRead MoreIp3 Crime Causation1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUnit 3 Crime Causation CRJS105-1201A-03 By Erika.Esquer1 1/22/2012 American InterContinental University Online Abstract This essay will focus on sociological theories of crime and their description, the strengths and weaknesses of each; sociological control theory, strain theory, differential association theory and neutralization theory. This essay will also focus on Rajartnam who was convicted for inside trading in 2011. Introduction A different approach to criminological theory wasRead MoreBiography of Emile Durkheim1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages He is arguably the most influential figure in western sociology and also immensely significant in criminology. He lived until the age of 59 when he suffered a stroke after he had recovered for a sufficient amount of time he then continued with his work however he eventually died, in Paris, on November 15th, 1917. He was, and is still today, one of the many key thinkers in the field of criminology. Durkheim said himself that it was mainly influenced by the philosopher August Comte. He wrote aboutRead MoreMarxian vs. Positivism Perspectives851 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPerspectives Crime and deviance are issues that dominate the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination; the study of which involves a number of contributing disciplines, criminology, statistics, psychology, biology to name a few but the largest contributor is sociology. There have been major changes in the way Sociologists perceive and study deviance over the years. In this essay the author will briefly compare and contrast the perspectives of Marxian and Positivism as they relate to the issues of crime and deviant behaviorRead MoreA Norm Is A Rule Of Behavior Of Individuals In Society1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanger for correcting an action that may lead to crime. Responding to a crime is way to escape from strain to seek revenge against the strain of alleviate negative emotions (Ã¢â¬Å"Strain theories - criminology - Oxford bibliographies - obo,Ã¢â¬ 2017). Major strains of theory describe strainÃ¢â¬â¢s that leads to crime, increase of crime and the factors leading to the individuals or dissuade appea ring to respond to strains of crime (Ã¢â¬Å"Strain theories - criminology - Oxford bibliographies - obo,Ã¢â¬ 2017). Emile DurkheimRead MoreSocial Disorganization Theory And Cultural Deviance Theory1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessociological theories as it relates to the social structure, social process and the impact of social life. There is still room to compare and contrast the social structure theories that include social disorganization theory, strain theories and cultural deviance theory. The social disorganization theory was first referenced with the displacement among immigrants. Scholars believed this was due to the immigrants inability to transfer norms and values from their first homes in the old country to the new cultureRead MoreA Marxist Understanding Of Society1719 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconclusions on his main era that surrounded crime and law, known as the Historical Materialism era. The essay will then look at how these conclusions relate to crime. Five different the orists work, who use Marxist ideology as their main school of thought, will then be looked at. First the essay will look at Willem Bonger and explore his contributions, making note of his ability to connect the links between capitalism and a patriarchal society. Secondly Ã¢â¬ËThe New CriminologyÃ¢â¬â¢ by Taylor, young and Walton will
Friday, December 27, 2019
Doughboys was the nickname given to the American Expeditionary Force that took part in the later years of World War I. Before the Americans arrived in Europe, the colloquialism had applied only to infantrymen, but at some point between April 1917 and November 1918, the word expanded to include the whole American armed forces. The term was not used in a derogatory senseÃ and is present in the diaries and letters of US serviceman, as well as newspapers. Why were the Doughboys there? The Doughboys helped change the course of the war, because while they were still to arrive in their multi-millions before the war ended, the sheer fact they were coming at all helped keep the western allies intact and fighting in 1917, allowing them to cling on until victories were won in 1918 and the war ended. These victories were, of course, achieved with the aid of the US troops, as well as many soldiers and supporters from outside Europe, like Canadians and Anzac troops (Australia and New Zealand). The western allies had asked for American help since an early stage of the war, but this was initially given in trade and financial support which often gets missed out of histories (David Stevensons 1914 to 1918 is the best starting point for this). Only when German submarine attacks on US shipping provoked did America join the war, decisively (although the US President has been accused of wanting to bring his nation into the war so he wouldnt be left out of the peace process!). Where the Term Came From The actual origin of the term Doughboy is still debated within both US historical and military circles, but it dates back to at least the American-Mexican War of 1846 to 1847. An excellent summary of the theories can be found if you wish to pursue US military history but in short, no one knows for sure. Getting covered in dust while marching so looking doughy seems to be among the best, but cooking practices, uniform style and more have been cited. Indeed, no one knows how the course of World War One gave the term Doughboy to the whole US expeditionary force. However, when US serviceman returned to Europe en masse during the Second World War, the term Doughboy had vanished: these soldiers were now GIs and would be for the next decades. The Doughboy thus became associated forever with World War One, and again no one really knows why. Food You may be interested to note that doughboy was also the nickname of an inanimate object, a form of flour-based dumpling that partly developed into the doughnut, and was in use by the late eighteenth century. This might be where the soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s doughboy name began, transmitted to soldiers, perhaps as a way of initially looking down on them.
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) states that an employer may not discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability. (US Airways, Inc. v. Barnett). A qualified individual includes, but is not limited to, an individual with a disability who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the relevant employment position. Id. Ã¢â¬Å"Reasonable accommodation is any change or adjustment to a job or work environment that permits a qualified applicant or employee with a disability to participate in the job application process, to perform the essential functions of a job, or to enjoy benefits and privileges of employment equal to those enjoyed by employees without disabilities.Ã¢â¬ (PPM6Slide12)Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Among the factors to be considered in determining whether an accommodation is an undue hardship are the cost of the accommodation, the employers size, financial resources and the nature and structure of its operat ion. (PPM6Slide14). Although An employer discriminates under the ADA if it does not make reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified individual with a disability who is an applicant or an employee, if the employer can demonstrate that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the business, the employer does not fall within the meaning of ADA discrimination. ( EEOC v. Ford Motor Co). The ADA directs the court to consider several factors when determining whether an accommodation imposes an undue hardship on an employer: (1) the nature and cost of the accommodation; (2) the financial and personnel resources of the affected facility; (3) the resources of the employer as an entity; and (4) the structure and functions of the employers workforce. Id. If an accommodation would be an undue hardship, the employer must try to identify another accommodation that will not pose such a hardship. (PPM6Slide15). If the co st of the accommodation causes the undue hardship, the employer must consider whether the funding for an accommodation is available from an outside source. Id. In addition, the employer must give the applicant or employee withShow MoreRelatedAmerican With Disability Act Essay1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof Employers Under the American with Disability Act Candyce D. Watson Columbia College According to the Office of Disability Employment Office, Ã¢â¬Å"The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a landmark federal law that protects the rights of people with disabilities by eliminating barriers to their participation in many aspects of living and working in America. In particular, the ADA prohibits covered employers from discriminating against people with disabilities in the full range of employment-relatedRead MoreAmericans With Disability Act Essay1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The history of the Americans with Disabilities Act began long before it was originally introduced to Congress in 1988. (Mayerson, 1992). There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t one person responsible for the ADA but rather thousands of Americans who have fought for the rights of people with disabilities and constantly worked to make their lives easier. People with disabilities for a long time were thought of as outsiders in society and were shunned by the majority. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s when organizationsRead MoreThe Americans with Disability Act Essay1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstandards have been set forth to provide disabled people with the same opportunities to access content available on the World Wide Web, as it is most of the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s population. The presence of medical conditions, classified as disabilities by the Americans with Disabilities Act as, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of an individualÃ¢â¬ ¦ (2008, Sect.4), has created a demand for equality on the W. W. W. similar to demands of equality by previousRead MoreAmericans With Disability Act Essay882 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The signing of the AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s with Disabilities Act (ADA) on July 26, 1990, was one of the largest gatherings for the signing of a piece of legislation in the history of the United States. It passed Congress with overwhelming bipartisan support. President George H.W. Bush hailed the bill as an unambiguous civil rights achievement. The ADA expands civil rights to disabled individuals similar to those provided to on the basis of race, gender, age, and religion. It is a civil rights law that prohibitsRead MoreEssay The American with Disabilities Act2290 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagestypical for a common person, who is free from disability. In my opinion, the quote Ã¢â¬Å"All men are created equalÃ¢â¬ serves to promote a friendly environment that helps encourage equality among people and aids to recognize the similarities rather than the differences that separates men. Even so, with this hope, the disabled community still struggles for equality. According to Legal Rights by the Nati onal Association of the Deaf (NAD), Ã¢â¬Å"Almost 10 percent of all American have some kind of hearing loss. These tenRead MoreEssay on The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is one of the most significant laws in American History. Before the ADA was passed, employers were able to deny employment to a disabled worker, simply because he or she was disabled. With no other reason other than the persons physical disability, they were turned away or released from a job. The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national originRead More Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Essay757 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Approximately 54 million non-institutionalized Americans have physical, intellectual, or psychiatric disabilities (Hernandez, 2000). . The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination based upon their disability (Bennett-Alexander, 2001). The protection extends to discrimination in a broad range of activities, including public services, public accommodations and employment. The ADAs ban againstRead MoreEssay on The Americans with Disabilities Act of 19902598 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe path to enacting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is the history of the disability rights movement and its struggle to attain a better chance for equality not unlike other minority groups. The Disability community came to realize that the problem they were fighting was discrimination. The Disability community came face to face with some of the same problems and challenges that every individual who is in the minority faces. However, a disabled individual was not considered to be inRead MoreEssay on The Americans with Disabilities Act Impact on Business1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 that was signed into law by George H. W. Bush is one of the most comprehensive pieces of legislation dealing with civil rights today. It was instrumental in protecting the rights of the mentally and physically disabled. The law has made many contributions to America as a country and helped it enter the modern world as a socially diverse nation. It was amended in 2008 by George W. Bush, who continued the work of his father in protecting disabled peoplesRead MoreEssay on Section 504 and The Americans with Disabilities Act951 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOver forty million Americans are disabled, whether it is a physical, sensory, cognitive, or mental disability. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act was signed into law in 1973. This law states that no handicapped individual shall be disqualified from partaking, be denied benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program receiving federal financial assistance. The foundation of the Section 504 is from the language of preceding civil rights laws that sheltered women and minorities.